ETF Update: Are you missing the rally?
How has your portfolio been doing? If you are not happy with the answer, it might be time to ask why.
Best Use of ETF’s
We know that many investors and fund managers have been caught in the negativity bubble. They focus on a macro-economic debate, mostly between economists and non-economists. Regular readers know that we have tried to expose this.
Meanwhile, the market is conveying a very different message, as noted in Dr. Brett Steenbarger’s must-read article, "Why Aren’t Stocks Forecasting Recession?"
Those following a disciplined investment method, adjusting for market cap size and style, have captured the move. My friend and RealMoney colleague, Steve Birenberg of Northlake Capital Management, graciously provides occasional updates for his system. On September 5th, he wrote on RealMoney (subscription required and worth it) as follows:
For the third consecutive month there were no changes to my Market Cap
and Style models. The signals remain large cap and growth. Client
portfolios own the S&P 500 Spyder (SPY) and the iShares Russell 1000 Growth (IWF) to take advantage of the current signals.
The large cap signal from the Market Cap model remains one of the
strongest readings in the monthly data I have going back to 1980. All
ten factors covering a breadth of economic, interest rate, and stock
market technical indicators are flashing a large cap signal. On their
own, each factor has in the past shown predictive ability for
anticipating relative performance of large caps vs. small caps as
measured by the S&P 500 and Russell 2000.
With the weight of the evidence from a broad array of previously
accurate indicators lined up so solidly in favor of large caps, I feel
very good about the prospects for large cap outperformance to continue
for at least a few more months.
Our Own Method
Our own TCA-ETF model has captured another dimension, the decline of the dollar. The effect is described in a good column from MarketWatch. Since we use an iShares universe that includes foreign ETF’s, we capture all of these effects through computer-based technical analysis. This is the complete set of rankings, showing our actual holdings, entry dates, and returns through yesterday. (you can click to enlarge)
This is a complete set of sector ratings. The IEZ position was closed and IXC purchased because of the relative rankings. The sectors marked with an asterisk are in what we call "The Penalty Box," stopped out for violating specific criteria.
The Sector Message
The most important conclusion from the rankings is that almost forty sectors qualify as a "buy" based upon our analysis. The positive expectancy is broad-based.
The next message is that certain themes — especially foreign ETF’s, energy, and basic materials, show the greatest strength.
Why Not All Top Sectors
Our investment discipline attends to risk considerations and diversification, so we have limits on sector concentration. Overweighting some groups is an element in beating the market, but risk control is important.
Stops and Exits
Part of risk control is the use of "stops." This is a tricky topic, worthy of a separate analysis, so it will be part of a future weekly update. All good things have an end, and exits are important. The perceptive Adam Warner highlights the risk in one of our key holdings.
Some investors focused on fundamentals have enjoyed similar gains. Unlike our partnerships, our individual accounts include no foreign ETF’s but there is considerable overlap in holdings. Many US corporations have significant earnings from abroad and strong earnings prospects.
At "A Dash" we view fundamentals in terms of forward earnings prospects versus alternative investments. The market is recognizing that bonds and real estate have weak prospects relative to stocks. This is another way of saying "Fed Model," a valuation topic familiar to regular readers.
Implications for Investors
There are many traps for the investor. Spending a lot of time reading pundits who start with the conclusion and then find the evidence is the single biggest trap. Amazingly, some of these sites are the most popular and highest-rated on the Internet. Go figure.
Another trap comes from the financial media. The stories seem always to focus on the worries. That seems to get reader attention. Few provide good information on the multi-year growth of earnings — far outstripping stock performance.
Meanwhile, the online brokerage commercials are a huge trap. They lead the investor to think that his/her own market "feel" can beat the experts. Some even encourage one to develop and backtest a trading system. The main purpose of our TCA-ETF series is to describe the challenges in system development and testing, including dealing with the inevitable losing streaks. Most people trying this at home will make all of the common mistakes and get terrible results, as described here.
A thoughtful reader can learn to do better.